Philosophy and Self-Improvement

Notes on Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill

Some Useful Terms Ethics is the subfield of philosophy concerning the nature of right and wrong.  Normative ethics is the subfield of Ethics concerning what standards to use when judging what we morally ought to do. Consequentialism is a normative ethical theory that judges the rightness or wrongness of actions entirely on their consequences orContinue reading “Notes on Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill”

Bottlenecks to Progress in the Internet Age

I have been reading A New History of Western Philosophy by Anthony Kenny and it resurfaced thoughts that I have often had when learning about historical figures and everyday life in prior eras. In particular, how these figures were able to overcome the dual problems of censorship of political and religious elites and the limited availabilityContinue reading “Bottlenecks to Progress in the Internet Age”

Consciousness: Why people think it might not be everywhere

This is a part three in a series on consciousness Last week, I introduced the intuition that things “that are not (sufficiently) similar enough to us are not conscious.” This intuition matters because, without it, there is no way to ground a restrictive theory of consciousness. Put another way, without this intuition, you would findContinue reading “Consciousness: Why people think it might not be everywhere”

Consciousness: The relationship with the current physicalist worldview

This is part four in a series on consciousness Last week, I discussed how to justify any restrictive theory of consciousness (that is, any theory which says consciousness is not universal). I concluded that even if you try to ground your restrictive theory in your own phenomenology (or first hand experience), you still cannot doContinue reading “Consciousness: The relationship with the current physicalist worldview”